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Baker - Walter Reed MS Medieval Studies Role Description____________________________________

In the early Middle Ages a baker provided what was considered the most basic of foods - bread. It was the staple food of the period. If a young man wanted to become a baker, he had to serve an apprenticeship of seven years. Bakers were located either in the town or the castle. The trade was strictly regulated by their guild and many laws concerning bakers were in force. Most of these laws provided penalties for insufficient bread for the community or a poor quality product. Bakers made and sold bread of different varieties. The penalty for cheating a customer ,by giving the customer less bread than he/ she ordered, is very harsh.

bread baking wheat

gastronomy food flour


Print Resources_________________________________________________

Call Number
Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopedias
v.19 p.359-360
Dictionary of the Middle Ages
REF 940.1 DIC
v.2 p. 364; v.5 p.121
Life in a Medieval City
Daily Life
914.4 GIE
p. 49
Chaucer's England
Daily Life
942.03 CHI
p. 85
The Medieval Cookbook
Culture & Society
641.5942 BLA
p. 37 and throughout

Web Resources__________________________________________________

Suggested Databases:
Thomson Gale: Student Resource Center Gold; History Resource Center-World

Web Sites:

Bread Peels

Bake Houses

Bakers' Guilds in the Middle Ages

Bread FAQ

Middle Ages Food - Bread

The Flower of Wheat: Bread in the Middle Ages and Colonial Era

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Latest page update: made by mbobrosky , Mar 2 2012, 6:37 AM EST (about this update About This Update mbobrosky Edited by mbobrosky

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